Marcus Garvey: Self-Reliance (Kujichagulia )

The symbol at the top of the page shows the Kwanzaa symbol of Kujichagulia (Self-Determination): "To define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves, and speak for ourselves."

From an early age, Marcus learned to speak and to create for himself. At the age of fourteen, Marcus was an apprentice printer. By the time he was eighteen, Marcus was a master printer.  Through The Negro World, The Black Star Line, and the Negro Factories Corporation, Marcus showed that Black people could “define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves, and speak for ourselves

In The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, he wrote “Action, self-reliance, the vision of self and the future have been the only means by which the oppressed have seen and realized the light of their own freedom.”

Write a paragraph about the ways in which you are self-reliant.

Write a paragraph about how self-determination and self-reliance are related.



Marcus Garvey

The Coalition for the Exoneration of Marcus Garvey is petitioning Senator Bill Nelson, Representative Frederica Wilson, and the Congress of the United States of America for the exoneration of Marcus Garvey:

Thank you for your support.


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